Court Marriage In India

Court Marriage In India

Every country follows different-different custom, festival, religion and this is the uniqueness of each country. If we talk about legal point of you then we can say that every country’s constitution provides some fundamental right to the citizen of the country. As per these fundamental rights, a citizen of the country has the freedom to chose any religion, custom, society, a festival like in India a Hindu can enjoy  Eid festival which originally belongs to the Muslim religion and a Muslim can enjoy the Diwali festival which originally belongs to Hindu religion.


Marriage is a very essential part of life. In every country, people have a different-different way to solemnize the marriage. In India, marriage is performed like a festival.  In India, you can solemnize the marriage in three ways. 1. Cultural marriage, 2. Court marriage/registered marriage, 3. Same day marriage.

1.Cultural Marriage In India

In a normal marriage, people have at least three days of function like one day for puja/kirtan/path; the second day reserved for ladies sangeet and on the third day marriage will be solemnized in front of the all relatives, family members, and neighbors. This is a theist way to solemnize the marriage.

2. Court marriage In India/Registered marriage in India

Today, court marriage in India is one of the preferred option to perform the marriage. In India, a marriage officer has been appointed by the govt. for performing the marriage and issues the marriage certificate, and it’s called court marriage or registered marriage. Our India is divided into the state and every state has divided into a district for the better governance and most of the country follows this system. India has also some union territory in which central govt. have ruled.

 i) Procedure of Court Marriage in State-  

Procedure and rule of performing the court marriage in state and union territory will remain the same.  But the marriage officer will be different in the state. A state has unity of district and every district has own marriage officer. A sub-registrar has the power to perform the marriage in a district and at the time of performance of his duty his power like a civil judge that’s why the marriage like that called court marriage.

 ii) Power of Registrar of Marriage-

In court marriage, parties firstly apply to the sub-registrar for granting permission or solemnizing the marriage by moving an application along with annexed relevant documents and photographs. After applying sub-registrar fixed date of after one month and on a fixed date, parties must appear before the sub-registrar along with witnesses. Meanwhile, sub-registrar issue a notice that which publishes in notice-board of the office may be local newspaper and verify the address of the parties and also calling the objection from the public regarding the marriage of the couple and if he has received any objection, he informed the parties and asks them to remove such objection. If they succeed in removing the objection then the marriage will be solemnized otherwise till the objection stayed marriage can’t perform.

3.Same Day Marriage

This is the third way to perform marriage. Basically, same day marriage is created by the need of the married couple, who have not enough time to perform their marriage by the above two ways. Concept of same day marriage is equal to court marriage. Generally, the main purpose of the couple is getting the marriage certificate by these two ways of marriage. Because marriage certificate is very essential document these days and on the other hand, Supreme Court of India made compulsory to register the marriage that performs after the 2008 and also direct to the state to made law on compulsory Marriage registration Act.

In court marriage and the same day marriage parties must require the service of the expert advocate. AdvocateinChandigarh have lots of experience to provide the service in court marriage and same day marriage.


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